CÉIM is a Peer-Assisted Study Sessions (PASS) programme, also know as Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL). It is inspired by various student-led initiatives which support the first year experience at a range of universities in Ireland, the UK, the US, Australia and New Zealand. It particularly draws on experience from successful PAL/PASS programmes at the University of Manchester, Bournemounth University and the Athlone Institute of Technology and the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology. We are indebted to these institutions for their willingness to share information about their experiences of peer support, as well as their documentation.
All PAL/PASS programmes are based on the Supplemental Instruction (SI) model which was developed by Dr. Deanna Martin at the University of Missouri in Kansas City (UMKC) in 1973. It has continually been recognised by the US Department for Education as one of the few post-secondary ‘Exemplary Educational Programs’. Supplemental Instruction is now used in more than 1,500 universities and colleges in nearly 30 countries. There are a variety of names for SI, such as PASS and PAL, but the basic model is very similar.
Journal of Peer Learning
Research about the benefits of PASS for Engineering students at the University of Lund
Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) at the University of Bournemouth
Peer Assisted Study Sessions (PASS) at the University of Manchester
The International Center for Supplemental Instruction
The UK National Peer Assisted Study Sessions (PASS) Centre